A new year and food issues are very much in the news again. During January, we’ve seen widespread coverage over concerns over traces of horsemeat found in supermarket burgers; elsewhere, a report by the Institute of Mechanical Engineers has highlighted again the amount – and cost – of food that is wasted.
Running alongside these has been the launch of the joint charity ‘IF’ campaign, which is seeking to highlight the fact that hunger and inequalities in the global food system can be addressed with the right combination of political leadership and behaviour change.
But is there a common thread linking these?
Arguably there is one, and that is the need to value the food we eat. This is the main finding of a new report by WWF-UK and the Food Ethics Council focused on one small aspect of the food system – meat consumption. The report, Prime Cuts: valuing the meat we eat, examines whether reducing meat consumption in high consuming countries, and instead eating better quality meat, could be beneficial for people’s health, the environment, and for producers and consumers.
High meat consumption is seen as a factor related to a number of challenges facing the global food system, including climate change, obesity, water scarcity, land use change, global poverty and inequality. However, a simple ‘eat less meat’ message is over simplistic. Producers and primary processors raise legitimate concerns about impacts of reduced meat production on their businesses, and politicians remain wary of industry and public reactions to the message.
Prime Cuts is a first step at defining what a ‘less but better’ approach might look like. Using this approach so people value meat more allows us to consider many other aspects of meat production and consumption, including animal welfare, biodiversity, farmers’ profitability, taste, waste and broader health issues.
It also provides an insight into where the win-wins and trade-offs may be. Although only a short study, our report suggests that, with focused discussion and government-led engagement and research, this approach may be worth pursuing.
Clearly it’s not the only aspect of the food system which needs to be considered. Prime Cuts is the last in a series of reports that WWF-UK and the Food Ethics Council, sponsored by the Esmée Fairburn Foundation, have produced looking at different aspects of the food system.
Other reports have considered the role of retailers and producers and Government, the impact on farmers and the implications for consumers of making our food system more sustainable.
All of these areas are complex but two points come through repeatedly.
One is that, due to the inherent complexity of the food system, it is impossible to expect one part of this matrix – such as Government, or retailers, or famers – to take sole responsibility for ‘fixing’ problems related to sustainability.
The other has already been mentioned; we need to place a high value on what we eat, meat included. Simply viewing food as a disposable commodity is just not possible any more.